Dars by Dr Saleh As-Saleh.
Book : Qawaaid ul Arbaa’ (The Four principles). Written by Mohammad ibno ‘Abdil Wahaab (Rahimahuallah).
Taken from the explanation of Shaykh Fawzaan (Hafidhahuallah).
Class One :
In this first treaties, talk regarding the classical treaties by a Shaykh Mohammad bin Sulaymaan at-Tamimee (Rahimahuallah) known as Qawaaid ul Arba’a (4Rules). This is an introduction which every Muslim needs to know of. These 4 Rules are related to the great matter of Tawheed. This is the message which Allaah- The Most High has specifically sent His Messengers and Revealed His Books in order that mankind single Him alone in worship and ascribe no partners with Him in that. The Author Rahimahuallah began his introduction or a book/treaty by a dua’aa (invocation).
The Author (Rahimahuallah) is making a dua’aa. So, in his treaties he thought in the beginning to make a dua’aa for the seeker of knowledge and then to benefit him with the substance that comes afterwards. And this is from the advice that he (Rahimahuallah) invoked Allah -The Most High to give success and benefit to the seeker/Student. And there is no doubt that if Allah accepts the duaa’ and he will be from happy ones. So, this is the introduction and beginning of this book. And it is a great introduction and invocation for seeker of knowledge. Anyone who intends to learn his creed and having the good intention, seeking the truth and to avoid misguidance and shirk and this is what qualifies the person for the protection from Allaah in this life and hereafter.
Allaah-The Most High said in Soorah Baqarah verse 257,
اللَّـهُ وَلِيُّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا يُخْرِجُهُم مِّنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ ۖ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَوْلِيَاؤُهُمُ الطَّاغُوتُ يُخْرِجُونَهُم مِّنَ النُّورِ إِلَى الظُّلُمَاتِ ۗأُولَـٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ ۖ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ ﴿٢٥٧
”Allah is the Wali (Protector or Guardian) of those who believe. He brings them out from darkness into light. But as for those who disbelieve, their Auliya (supporters and helpers) are Taghut [false deities and false leaders, etc.], they bring them out from light into darkness. Those are the dwellers of the Fire, and they will abide therein forever.”
So, if Allaah-The Most High supports and protects, the believer then he will be from happy ones. In this life, He Guides him to be on the correct path and in Hereafter, He protects him and admits him to Paradise eternally, having no fear, no illness and no distress. And from the dua’aa that Shaykh Rahimahuallah made is, ”that He blesses you, wherever you maybe” giving you a blessing in your life, in your sustenance, in your knowledge, in your actions and in your offspring, wherever you maybe. This is a Great Good and a Great bounty from Allaah-The Most High.
And then the author Rahimahuallah said, ” May Allaah make you from those if give, they are grateful” :
contrary to the one who acknowledge favors of Allaah and they denied or they utilized it in matters that are not pleasing to Allaah so it becomes a means of hardship upon them and as for the one who is grateful, Allaah-The Most High increases him from His bounties and favors.
Allaah- The most High said in Soorah Ibraheem verse 7,
وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكُمْ لَئِن شَكَرْتُمْ لَأَزِيدَنَّكُمْ ۖ وَلَئِن كَفَرْتُمْ إِنَّ عَذَابِي لَشَدِيدٌ ﴿٧﴾
And (remember) when your Lord proclaimed: “If you give thanks (by accepting Faith and worshipping none but Allah), I will give you more (of My Blessings), but if you are thankless (i.e. disbelievers), verily! My Punishment is indeed severe.”
So, if you see more of Allaah- The Most High, His bounty then be grateful to Him and if you want otherwise then be ungrateful and
from the dua’aa which Shaykh Rahimahuallah made, ”when tested he is patient”:
that is because Allaah- The Most High afflicts people and tests them with afflictions, trials, and tribulations and things which they dislike. He tests them by their enemies from disbelievers and the hypocrites. So, therefore they need to endure patiently and not to give hope and not to despair from the mercy of Allaah- The Most High and that they are firm on their deen and not shaken by fitan or surrender to fitan but rather are established on the deen and preserve on what they may face from difficulties in establishing the deen. This is in sharp contrast with the situation of the person who becomes enraged and discontent if he is touched by calamities or hardships. So, this person will receive more from calamities.
Allaah’s Messenger Sal Allaho ‘Alyhe wasalam said, ”If Allaah loves some people He tests them and whoever is pleased then he will be content and whoever is enraged and is discontent then he will receive the wrath and discontentment,, And the greatest in the degree of trials are the Prophets, then the like, then the like..”
The Prophets were tested by trials and so also were truthful believers and martyrs and believers were endured patiently.
As for hypocrite, Allaah- The Most High said in Soorah Hajj verse 11,
وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَعْبُدُ اللَّـهَ عَلَىٰ حَرْفٍ ۖ فَإِنْ أَصَابَهُ خَيْرٌ اطْمَأَنَّ بِهِ ۖ وَإِنْ أَصَابَتْهُ فِتْنَةٌ انقَلَبَ عَلَىٰ وَجْهِهِ خَسِرَ الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةَ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْخُسْرَانُ الْمُبِينُ
” And among mankind is he who worships Allah as it were, upon the very edge (i.e. in doubt); if good befalls him, he is content therewith; but if a trial befalls him, he turns back on his face (i.e. reverts back to disbelief after embracing Islam). He loses both this world and the Hereafter. That is the evident loss.”
So, this life is not continuous blessings and enjoyment and happiness and victory.No!Not at all. Allaah-The Most High turns it amongst His slaves.Just think about what happens to the companions -the best of the Ummah. And the trials and tests they faced.
As Allaah-The Most High said, in Soorah Ale ‘Imraan verse 140,
إِن يَمْسَسْكُمْ قَرْحٌ فَقَدْ مَسَّ الْقَوْمَ قَرْحٌ مِّثْلُهُ ۚ وَتِلْكَ الْأَيَّامُ نُدَاوِلُهَا بَيْنَ النَّاسِ وَلِيَعْلَمَ اللَّـهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَيَتَّخِذَ مِنكُمْ شُهَدَاءَ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الظَّالِمِينَ
” If a wound (and killing) has touched you, be sure a similar wound (and killing) has touched the others. And so are the days (good and not so good), We give to men by turns, that Allah may test those who believe, and that He may take martyrs from among you. And Allah likes not the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers).”
So, the person should remember that if he is tested, then this is not something special only this occurred to him but rather this also befell, on the most righteous of this Ummah. So, therefore, he should patiently endure and wait for the ease and final end will be for Muttaqeen(pious).
Then, the Shaykh Rahimahuallah in his dua’aa he said, ” and if sins, he seeks forgiveness”:
the wretched is the one who doesn’t repent, if he commits sins. But, the believers whenever he commits sin he immediately resolves to repentance.
Allaah-The Most High said in Soorah Ale ‘Imraan verse 135,
وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا فَعَلُوا فَاحِشَةً أَوْ ظَلَمُوا أَنفُسَهُمْ ذَكَرُوا اللَّـهَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُوا لِذُنُوبِهِمْ وَمَن يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلَّا اللَّـهُ وَلَمْ يُصِرُّوا عَلَىٰ مَا فَعَلُوا وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ
”And those who, when they have committed Fahishah (illegal sexual intercourse etc.) or wronged themselves with evil, remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their sins; – and none can forgive sins but Allah – And do not persist in what (wrong) they have done, while they know”.
In Soorah Nisaa verse 17,
إِنَّمَا التَّوْبَةُ عَلَى اللَّـهِ لِلَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ السُّوءَ بِجَهَالَةٍ ثُمَّ يَتُوبُونَ مِن قَرِيبٍ فَأُولَـٰئِكَ يَتُوبُ اللَّـهُ عَلَيْهِمْ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّـهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا
” Allah accepts only the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and foolishness and repent soon afterwards; it is they to whom Allah will forgive and Allah is Ever All-Knower, All-Wise.”
This Term ignorance here, it does not mean the ignorance which is lack of knowledge that is because the one who does not know, is not held blame worthy, but this jahaalah(ignorance) here is the opposite of clemency.So, everyone who disobeys Allaah-The Most High is jaahil in the sense meaning deficient in clemency and deficient in soundness. And it maybe that he is knowledgeable but he is jaahil from another angle meaning he don’t have clemency and does not have steadfastness on the affairs. In this verse, Allaah-The Most High says,..”and repent soon afterwards”, meaning every time they commit a sin they ask forgiveness, cause there is no one infallible. But Alhamdo-lillah, Allaah-The Most High opened the door for repentance. So, therefore, the person should immediately hasten to repent. And if he does not and does not seek repentance and forgiveness then this is a sign of wretchedness and maybe he may end up being despairing from the mercy of Allaah-The Most High. And then the shaytaan comes to him and says that you have no tawbah. So, these matters which Shaykh Rahimahuallah mentioned in his introduction that when he is given, he is thankful, when tested he is patient and when sins, he seeks forgiveness are 3 signs of happiness and whoever is deprived from that or part of it , then he is wretched.
And here we remember the saying of Prophet Sal Allaaho ‘Alyhe wasalam concerning the affair and the matter of the believer ,he said ,”Amazing is the affair of believer, all his affairs are good for him.And this is not in the case except for the believer. If he is touched by something good then he is grateful so it is good for him and if he is touched by something of a calamity or befalls him then he is patient and so it is good for him”.
And this is the duty of believers to thank Allaah -The Most High in the times of ease-when he is touched by the blessings and favors of Allaah-the Most High like the well being health, the blessing of Islam, blessing of children, blessing of wealth etc.And he is thankful. How?By being obedient to Allaah-The Most High and abandoning that which angers Allaah-The Most High from committing that which Allaah-The Most High forbade.
And that is why Allaah-The Most High said in Soorah Sabaa verse 13,
اعْمَلُوا آلَ دَاوُودَ شُكْرًا ۚ وَقَلِيلٌ مِّنْ عِبَادِيَ الشَّكُورُ
“Work you, O family of Dawud (David), with thanks!” But few of My slaves are grateful.
meaning, Obey the commands of Allaah-The Most High and abstain from His prohibitions and give thanks with gratitude.And a believer spends the favors of Allaah-The Most High in that which is pleasing to Him. And a ways and means of obedience. Similarly, he is patient and seeks reward and anticipates it, if he is touched by illness or death of a child or one of the relatives or so forth, And therefore, he does not become agitated and acts by lamenting striking the hitting the face of head and does not invoke Allaah-The Most High in that means or ways or word of jahaliyah and does not talk bad but rather endures patiently. And with sins of committed he seeks tawbah and istighfaar.
And that’s why he Rahimahuallah, in this duaa’ mentioned these 3 matters , ”are the 3 signs of happiness”:
So, if a person is keen on this 3 things then this will perfect for him in his happiness.