Book : Madinah Book ONE.
Teacher : Sameera Al Harbi.
Class 1 Notes
Introduction to Arabic Grammar:
- Arabic language have 28 letters.
- All languages have same words which makes sentences and have parts of speech. But, they are not exactly same in parts of speech.
- In Arabic language we have 3 Types/Parts OF Words/Speech.
- When we say that an Arabic word is Noun (Ism) we mean either it is ,”Noun”(Ism), ”Pronoun”(Dameer),”Adjective”(Sifah/N’atun),”Adverb”(Dharf),”Interjection”(Ismun Alfi’l).Hence, these are sub parts of speech under the category of part of speech,”NOUN”(Ism).
- Second part of speech is ”Verb” (F’il). We have three types of Verbs which is : a) Past verb . b)Present verb. c)Order/command verb.
- Third part of speech is ,”Harf”. We have two kinds of Harf which is Preposition and Conjunction.
- Harf are of 2 types : a)Particle (which is one of the parts of speech we mentioned above). b)Arabic Letters.
The parts of speech in Arabic we say, ”أَنوَاعُ الكَلِم”
Fathah, Kasrah, Dammah are called عَلامَةُ إِعرَاب.
We are talking about these harakaat because this is Arabic grammar class so in grammar we learn endings of words.
One of the signs which tells a word is Noun (Ism) is Addition of , ”AL” in the beginning of word which is called in Arabic as ال التَّعرِيف.
ال التَّعرِيف makes a word ”Definite”.
- الدرس الاول –> Both words are Noun because of ”AL” in beginning. And Sentence is incomplete. Whenever the ”Dot” in end of sentence is not used, it means this sentence is incomplete or meaningless.
- الدرس الاول means, ”The First Lesson”.
- الإِسمُ الإِشَارَة means pointing to something.
- One of the الإِسمُ الإِشَارَة is هَذَا. هَذَا means ,”This”. It is used for pointing something which is near.
- هَذَا is used for Singular, masculine.
- Without a sentence having both these two components which is a) Mubtadaa (Subject). b) Khabar. (Predicate). This is not a nominal sentence.
- Mubtadaa(Subject) can only be, ”Noun”(ism) or ”Pronoun”(Dameer).It cannot be, ”Adverb”(Dharf), ”Adjective” (Sifah) or ”Interjection”(Ismul Fi’l).
- Khabar (Predicate) can only be, ”Noun(ism), ”Adverb”(Dharf), ”Adjective” (Sifah), and ”Interjection”(Ismul F’il). But, it cannot be, ”Pronoun”(Dameer).
Notes by Omm ‘Abdillah Al-Baakistaaniyyah.
From Dars of Ustaadhah Sameera Al Harbi.