Book : Madinah Book ONE.
Teacher : Sameerah Al Harbi.
Class 2 Notes
The First Lesson :
1) هذا بيت is the simplest form of Nominal Sentence. This means that 1 word is Mubtada and 1 word is Khabar.
2)أَسمَاءُالإِشَارَةِ is the plural of إِسمُ الإِشَارَةِ .
3)Every word in Arabic language have gender. It maybe feminine or masculine. Whenever you learn vocabulary word you have to know its gender because you need to know which إِسمُ الإِشَارَةِ can be used.
4)In Arabic a Noun can be : Singular (مُفرَد), Dual (مُثَنَّى) or Plural (جَمعٌ).
5)In Arabic there are two types of Gender which is Feminine (مُؤَنَّث) and Masculine (مُذَكَّر).
6)To turn these sentences into asking a Question of getting answer either : a)Yes. OR b)No. There are two ways to do so. a) We add in the beginning of sentence ,”هَل”(Hal). b) We add in the beginning without giving space between the first word of sentence and hamzah, ”أَ”. This means we treat it like one word in pronunciation and as well as in written form. But in meaning it is 2 words which is, ”Is” and ”This”. For example : أَهَذا بيت? (Is this a house?).
7)In English, we cannot give exact meaning to حرُوفُ الإِستِفهَام because sometimes they means, ”Is this a house?”, ”Was this a house?”, ”Did”,”Do”,”Are”. In Short, it is used to ask about something which maybe true or false.
8)In Arabic, ”هَل”(Hal) and ”أَ” is حرُوفُ الإِستِفهَام (Hurooful Istifhaam).Both are used in same way except that ”’هَل”(Hal) is not attached to the word in beginning and ”أَ” is attached to the word in beginning.
9)We can reply the Questions ”Is this a house”? أَهَذا بيت? OR
هل هَذا بيت?. By using, ”حُرُوفُ الجَوَاب” which are : a)نَعَم (YES) b) لا(NO).
10)When we don’t know what the thing is. We want to ask,”What is this?”. We use مَا . مَا is used for non intellect things like animals and objects. In Arabic we say it is used for ,
11) مَا is from أَسمَاءُ الإِستِفهَام.
12)Now we have understood that Mubtadaa (مُبتَدأ) can be إسم , ضمير ,
إِسمُ الإِشَارَةِand إِسمُ الإِستِفهَام . Remember these all mentioned are sub categories of one of the parts of speech which is Ism.
13)Note that there are different types of مَا so it doesn’t mean, when you recite Qur’aan and come across مَا then it is إِسمُ الإِستِفهَام.And in this lesson we are talking about one type of مَا (What). It is used for asking questions about non intellect things.
From English KEY BOOK 1 -Lesson ONE
Notes by Ommo ‘Abdillah Al-Baakistaaniyyah.
From Dars of Ustaadhah Sameerah AlHarbi.