Madinah Book 1-Class 7 Notes by Ustaadhah Sameerah Al Harbi.

Book : Madinah Book ONE.

Teacher : Sameerah Al Harbi.

Class 7 Notes


Continuing lesson 4 :

In Arabic the words are either ,

  • مُعرَبٌ (words in which endings are changeable due to that word being in different positions in sentence. )
  • مَبنِيٌّ  (words which have unchangeable endings regardless of different positions in sentence).

Example : البيتُ كبيرٌ This is جملة اسمية . In it , ”البيتُ ‘ is مبتدأ and ” كبير ” is خبر . Here, noun , ”البيتُ” is معرب because it can have different endings depending on its position in sentence. It can be , ”البيتُ  البيتِ البيتَ ”.

Example : هذا رجل. This is جملة اسمية . In it , ”هذا ‘ is مبتدأ and ” رجل ” is خبر . Here, noun , ”هذا’ is مبني because it cannot have different endings depending on its position in sentence.It’s ending harakah stays same in all situations which is sukoon on Alif.

  • Hence, the nouns which have changeable endings are called الأسماء معربة.
  • Nouns which have fixed ending are called  الأسماء المبنية.

Principle : In General all the nouns are الأسماء معربة but exceptionally some of them are  الأسماء المبنية.

All حروف الجر are always without any exception مبنية.

  • You  might say in this, ”مِنَ البيتِ ” Min have fathah and originally it had sukoon. We say, this has nothing to do with grammatical case it is just a change we made to solve the problem of two sukoon in a row.

chap4

  • In this , ”أين” is from أسماء الإستفهام which is also  المبنية . And in chapter one we took , ”أسماء الإشارة ” which is also  المبنية.
  • To reply this Question, ”أين محمد؟” you can either say, ”محمد في الغرفة” OR you can use suitable pronoun , ”هو في الغرفة”.
  • هو is used for third person, singular, masculine. In Arabic we say, ”ضمير منفصل للغائب للمفرد للمذكر”
  • هي is used for third person, singular, feminine. In Arabic we say, ”ضمير منفصل للغائب للمفرد للمؤنث”
  • هو can be used for both غير عاقل and عاقل which means, ”It” or ,” He”.
  • هي can be used for both غير عاقل and عاقل which means, ”It” or ,” She”.
  • هو and هي are both مبني. The ending is always fathah.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN مَنْ and مِنْ

difference

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Proper nouns

Proper nouns أَسمَاءُ الأَعلاَم : (singular  إِسمُ العَلَم)

  • The Names of person are proper nouns.
  • All proper nouns are ALWAYS definite معرفة
  • Masculine proper nouns are ending with tanween while feminine proper nouns end with single harakah. Like masculine proper noun مُحَمَّدٌ and feminine proper noun زَينَبُ. But, be mindful that there are some exceptions for masculine proper nouns in which tanween is dropped.
  • Masculine proper nouns can have any type of tanween like محمدٌ , محمدً ,محمدٍ

  • Feminine proper nouns can have only two endings like زَينبُ , زينبَ .

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Notes by Ommo ‘Abdillah Al Baakistaaniyyah.

From the Dars of Ustaadhah Sameerah Al Harbi.

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