1 Comment

Madinah Book 1-Class 10 Notes by Ustaadhah Sameerah Al Harbi.

Book : Madinah Book ONE.

Teacher : Sameerah Al Harbi.

Class 10 Notes

_______________________________________________________________

LESSON 5 :

  • (مُعَرَّفٌ بِ (ال : The noun which is definite having ال التعريف.
  • معرف بالإضافة : The noun which is definite by having مضاف و مضاف إليه

Lesson 5 1

  • We have to discuss the last sentence which says, ”هي تحت المكتب ”.(It is under the desk). Here, هي refers to , ”حقيبة المدرس”.
  • In ”هي تحت المكتب ” notice the word, ”تحتَ” (Under).
  • ”تحتَ” is Adverb ( الظرف )which is subcategory of الإسم.  Plural is ظروف
  • We have two types of الظرف which are : 1) ظرف المكان (Adverb of Place) . 2) ظرف الزمان (Adverb of time).
  • Here, ”تحتَ” (Under) is ظرف المكان (Adverb of Place).
  • تحت المكتب is شبه جملة (Phrase). Here, we have two خبر .
  • Sometimes الظرف is followed by مضاف إليه but its NOT ALWAYS.
  • Here, ”تحتَ” is مضاف  and  المكتب is مضاف إليه .
  • الظرف is by default منصوب .
  • To analyse we say, ” هي مبتدأ وتحت ظرف المكان منصوب وهومضاف والمكتب مضاف إليه مجرور”
  • To say about خبر we say, ” وشبه جملة الظرف تحت في محل رفع خبر ”
  • In all underlined words we are using إضافة  to make it معرفة but in this ‘هي تحت المكتب we just used مضاف إليه to clarify because if we removed المكتب the word  تحتَ’ having end harakah as fathah stays same. But, as for other examples will get tanween.
  • In sentence, ” قلم من هذا يا علي ؟ ”, here قلم من means Who’s pen. Here, مَن (Man) is مضاف إليه .Because, it have same grammatical position as ” المدرس ” in reply of this question which is , ”هذا قلم المدرس”
  • The only difference is that in قلم من the مَن is مضاف إليه مبني على السكون في محل جر and in هذا قلم المدرس’ the word, ” المدرس ” is مضاف إليه مجرور على مجرور كسرة

ex

11

222

_333_____________________________________________________________

Notes by Ommo ‘Abdillah Al -Baakistaaniyyah.

Duroos of Madinah book 1 – by Ustaadhah Sameerah Al Harbi.

One comment on “Madinah Book 1-Class 10 Notes by Ustaadhah Sameerah Al Harbi.

  1. Asa ..
    Please can you also put notes of the remaining chapters. These notes a e very beneficial .. Or if you can guide source from where i can get the notes of teacher Sameera please.

    Thanks

Leave a Reply and Let Us Know your Views.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: