Book :قواعد الأربع (The Four Principles).
Explained by : Shaykh Mohammad bin Ramzaan Al Haajiree حفظه الله
Notes by : Om Zakariyaa Al Baakistaaniyyah.
Note Number ONE.
Reference Audio : CLICK HERE
Topic : Introduction
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلاة والسلام على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين
Matan(TEXT) from Book :
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
أسأل الله الكريم رب العرش العظيم أن يتولاك في الدنيا والآخرة، وأن يجعلك مباركاً أينما كنت، وأن يجعلك ممن إذا أعطي شكر، وإذا ابتلي صبر، وإذا أذنب استغفر، فإن هؤلاء الثلاث عنوان السعادة
- The Author Shaykh Mohammad ibno ‘Abdil Wahaab رحمه الله began his treaties with du’aa.
- This type of method or language shows high manners of Author. And this is the manners of Salaf, in regards to writing letters or treaties for people. Because, it includes compassion for the individual who will read these treaties.
- This type of language, also do not puts oneself above the reader.
- Starting the treaties with du’aa opens the hearts to these treaties. So, it’s as if Shaykh Mohammad ibno ‘Abdil Wahaab رحمه الله is speaking directly to individual, because mentioning du’aa in beginning of treaties breaks any barrier between the Author and the reader.
- This type of speech in writing or Khutbah have effect on person’s response to treaties. So, a person who is reading or listening gets ready to listen to the speech which comes after du’aa.
- Shaykh Mohammad bin Ramzaan Al Haajiree حفظه الله explains manners of Shaykh Mohammad ibno ‘Abdil Wahaab رحمه الله because some people described him to be extreme. The one who is extreme will not use this type of Language. Rather, this type of language is from the person who is compassionate and feels for the people he is writing for. This is a person who is truly following the example of Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم.
Explanation of Text
أسأل الله الكريم رب العرش العظيم أن يتولاك في الدنيا والآخرة، –
I ask Allah, the Most Generous, the Lord of the Throne, to protect you in this world and the Hereafter,
- This is a beautiful way of beginning his treaty. It is a du’aa which means that, ” May Allaah عزوجل makes you amongst the Auliyaa of Allaah عزوجل. And that He protects you”. Allaah عزوجل protects those who are Auliyaa of Him. So, what will be the status, if Allaah عزوجل protects you in this life and in hereafter?
Q 1: Who is Walee of Allaah عزوجل? And what are the Characteristics of Walee of Allaah عزوجل?
A: Walee of Allah عزوجل is the person beloved to Allah عزوجل and protected by Him. These people will not have Fear on the last day.There are 8 characteristics which are as follows:
- Muslim upon Tawheed,
- Stays away from Shirk in all its Manifestations.
- Follows Sunnah,
- Leaves Bid’ah.
- Being upright on Allah’s commands
- Distances himself from disobedience to Allah عزوجل.
- Distances himself from inner desires.
- Distances himself from doubtful matters relating to ‘Aqeedah.
A person can be Walee of Allaah عزوجل from the day he became Muslim and begins to be protected by Allaah عزوجل and if he remains firm on this path, then he continues to be Walee of Allaah عزوجل. And if he left this, he will not be amongst the Auliyaa of Allaah عزوجل. It is important to protect these 8 things mentioned above. Just like you protect your health. Same applies to protect Wilaaya. Any deficiency in these 8 issues is deficiency in wilaaya of Allaah عزوجل and if you protect it then you will be protected as in Hadeeth, ‘’ Protect Allaah and Allaah will protect you.’’ ( احْفَظْ اللَّهَ يَحْفَظْك، )
Q2 : Which 3 things you should be upright on being Walee of Allaah عزوجل and which 5 things you should stay away from?
A: 3 things you should be upright on are as follows:
- Tawheed (Monotheism).
- Following Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم.
- Obedience to Allaah عزوجل.
5 things you should stay away from are as follows:
- Disobedience to Allaah عزوجل.
- Inner desires.
- Doubtful matters relating to ‘Aqeedah.
Hence, these 8 issues are distinguishing factors of Walee of Allaah عزوجل.
وأن يجعلك مباركاً أينما كنت، –
And to bless you wherever you may be,
Q 3: Who is the blessed person? In which 8 things Allaah عزوجل placed Barakah in ?
A: A blessed person is he who:
- Commands to Tawheed,
- Commands to following Sunnah of Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم,
- Commands to obedience,
- Warns from Shirk,
- Warns from bid’ah,
- Warns from disobedience,
- Warns from inner desires,
- Warns from doubtful matters relating to Aqeedah.
Barakah is from Allaah عزوجل and Allaah عزوجل has placed it in 8 things which are categorized as follows and each one has evidence to it:
- Sayings: Like Bismillah said before eating etc.
‘Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:
Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “When any of you wants to eat, he should mention the Name of Allah in the beginning, (i.e., say Bismillah). If he forgets to do it in the beginning, he should say Bismillah awwalahu wa akhirahu (I begin with the Name of Allah at the beginning and at the end).”
[At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud]. وعن عائشة رضى الله عنها قالت : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: “إذا أكل أحدكم فليذكر اسم الله تعالى، فإذا نسى أن يذكر اسم الله تعالى في أوله، فليقل، بسم الله أوله وآخره”.
- Actions: Like Praying in congregation. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “A man’s Salat in congregation is twenty-five times more rewarding than his Salat at home or in his shop, and that is because when he performs his Wudu’ properly and proceeds towards the mosque with the purpose of performing Salat in congregation, he does not take a step without being raised a degree (in rank) for it and having a sin remitted for it, till he enters the mosque. When he is performing Salat, the angels continue to invoke Blessings of Allah on him as long as he is in his place of worship in a state of Wudu’. They say: `O Allah! Have mercy on him! O Allah! Forgive him.’ He is deemed to be engaged in Salat as long as he waits for it.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
- Drinks: Like Zamzam water. It was reported in Sahih Muslim that the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said to Abu Dharr, who had stayed near the Ka’bah and its coverings for forty days and nights with no food or drink other than (Zamzam), “How long have you been here?” Abu Dharr said, “I have been here for thirty days and nights.” The Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said, “Who has been feeding you?” He said, “I have had nothing but Zamzam water, and I have gotten so fat that I have folds of fat on my stomach. I do not feel any of the tiredness or weakness of hunger and I have not become thin.” The Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said, “Verily, it is blessed, it is food that nourishes.” [Narrated by Imam Muslim, 2473]
- Food: Like eating black seeds. Saheeh Bukhaare :Volume 7, Book 71, Number 591:Narrated Khalid bin Sad: We went out and Ghalib bin Abjar was accompanying us. He fell ill on the way and when we arrived at Medina he was still sick. Ibn Abi ‘Atiq came to visit him and said to us, “Treat him with black cumin. Take five or seven seeds and crush them (mix the powder with oil) and drop the resulting mixture into both nostrils, for ‘Aisha has narrated to me that she heard the Prophet saying, ‘This black cumin is healing for all diseases except As-Sam.’ Aisha said, ‘What is As-Sam?’ He said, ‘Death’.
- Times: Like one of the Hadeeth informs that early times are blessed.
- Place: Like Masjid Al-Haraam, Masjid An-Nabwi and Masjid Al Aqsa. And Muslim (1374) narrated that Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “O Allaah, Ibraaheem made Makkah sacred and made it a sanctuary, and I have made Madeenah a sanctuary.No blood is to be shed therein, no weapon for fighting is to be carried, and no tree is to be struck to make its leaves fall, except to provide food for animals…” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Do not travel (specifically) to any mosque except three: al-Masjid al-Haraam, Masjid al-Aqsa, and this mosque of mine.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1996.
- Dispositions: Like eating with hands.
Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) commanded the licking of fingers and the gleaning of the dish, saying, “You do not know in which portion the blessing lies.”
[Muslim]. وعن جابر رضى الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أمر بلعق الأصابع والصحفة، وقال: “إنكم لا تدرون في أي طعامكم البركة” .
- Individual: Like Barakah sought from the physical appearance of Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم when he was alive. OR that which is related to his life after his death. Like part of his hair or the sweat of his cloth. Hence, nothing is left from his physical body in present time to sought barakah from. Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said: The Sahaabah used to seek barakah from the sweat of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), and they used to seek barakah from his saliva, and they used to seek barakah from his garment, and they used to seek barakah from his hair. But in case of anyone other than him (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), no barakah is to be sought from any of these things. So one cannot seek barakah from a person’s garment, hair, nails or anything else of his, except in case of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). Sharh Riyaadh as-Saaliheen (4/243)Research addition to notes :”The Barakah of the dhaat (physical essence) and whatever remnants are left from it. This type is for the Prophets and the Messengers and no one else is included amongst them, not even the best of the Companions of Allaahs Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) , such as Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali. They do not share in this barakah.
And no person can obtain the barakah of the Prophets, except the one who is upon what they called to (Tawheed and Obedience) and who guide themselves by their actions and who adhere to their commands and prohibitions. And an example of this is that the barakah of the presence of the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) did not benefit the Companions who disobeyed his command in the Battle of Uhud (refer to 3:152). So they were made to suffer a great deal on account of their disobedience.
This type of barakah of the physical essence was cut off after the death of the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) except what remains of his physical essence after his death (eg. Hair). However, the certainty that something remains today and the truthfulness of that has diminished after the passing of time. Anyone making the claim has to provide isnaad to show that something is from the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) since many make that claim”
Taken from CLICK HERE. See Reference below:
|The Understanding of Tabarruk with Ahl us-Sunnah|
|Author: Salih bin `Abdul-`Aziz bin Muhammad Aal ash-Shaikh|
|Source: Hadhihi Mafahimuna (Eng trans. and additions by Abu Iyad)|
Principle: ”The one who wants to seek Barakah in 8 things mentioned above, to which there is No proof from Qur’aan and Sunnah, in reality contradicts in which Allaah عزوجل has put barakah in.”
وأن يجعلك ممن إذا أعطي شكر–
And to make you from those who are grateful when they are given,
- Giving is from Allah’s Bounties upon you.
- Allah’s Blessings are those that are apparent and those that are not apparent as in Soorah Ibraheem verse 34, ‘’ and if you count the Blessings of Allah, never will you be able to count them.‘’
- Many are blessed but less are thankful as in Soorah Saba’ verse 13, ‘’ But few of My slaves are grateful.’’
- Normally word, ‘’Shukr’’ means Tawheed.
Q4: How to be thankful?
- By Heart: Directing this Blessing to only Allaah عزوجل
- By Tongue : Praising Allaah عزوجل verbally. Like saying dua’a at morning when you wakeup
“اللَّهُمَّ مَا أَصْبَحَ بِي مِنْ نِعْمَةٍ أَوْ بِأَحَدٍ مِنْ خَلْقِكَ فَمِنْكَ وَحْدَكَ لَا شَرِيكَ لَكَ، فَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ وَلَكَ الشُّكْرُ”.
‘’O Allah , whatever blessing has been received by me or anyone of Your creation is from You alone , You have no partner . All praise is for You and thanks is to You.’’
In Hadeeth, it is mentioned that whoever recites this in the morning, has completed his obligation to thank Allaah عزوجل for that day.
3. By Limbs: like Praying etc.
وإذا ابتلي صبر، –
Patient when they are tested,
Q5: What is ibtila ابتلى (being tested)?
A: It is a test from Allaah عزوجل. This means you are tested on that which happens to you in regards to this life. Regardless, if this test is in your religion, your children, your wealth, your health, your general life or private life.
Ruling: It is OBLIGATORY upon you to be patient.
Q 6: What does Sabr (patience) means?
A: It means, you do not complain verbally and your body does not manifest displeasure and your heart does not get displeased with what Allaah عزوجل has ordained.Hence, a person should not complain to people who cannot remove the test from him and this does not mean, that you do not go to doctor for treatment but, it only means it is not permissible to do ‘i3teraaf (complaining to people). Because, it shows an individual is not happy with what Allaah عزوجل has ordained for him. You should be happy and pleased with what good and bad Allaah عزوجل has ordained for you.
وإذا أذنب استغفر –
And those who seek forgiveness when they sin.
- Shaykh Mohammad bin Ramzaan Al Haajiree حفظه الله asked, ‘’who amongst us does not sin? All of us fall into sins and make mistakes. But, do you continue with this mistake? If the individual has become weak in regards to his Eemaan, then he has slipped up but the believer is the one who is constantly seeking Allah’s forgiveness and constantly returning to Him quickly.’’
- Hadeeth : Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “By Him in whose hand is my soul, if you did not sin Allah would replace you with people who would sin and they would seek the Forgiveness of Allah and He would forgive them.” Source: Sahih Muslim.
- This Hadeeth do not gives permission to fall into mistakes, rather it is the glad tidings for us, which demonstrates the wide Mercy of Allaah عزوجل upon us, as humans forget and make mistakes. But, if you made a mistake, then know you have a Lord Who Forgives. And because Allaah عزوجل said in Soorah Az-Zumar verse 53,
‘’ Say: “O ‘Ibadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, verily Allah Forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. ‘’
فإن هؤلاء الثلاث عنوان السعادة–
For verily, those are the three signs of happiness.
Q 7: How do you know you are happy person?
- If you are thankful when given,
- If you are patient, when tested,
- If you repent, when sin.
It means that use your tongue in that which benefits and pleases Allaah عزوجل for things which are prohibited are less in number than things which are permissible but we see people flocking or being crowded around things which are impermissible.
To be continued Introduction in Notes 2 In shaa Allaah