Note 5: The Third Principle-Qawaa’id ul Arba by Shaykh Mohammad bin Ramzaan Al Haajiree حفظه الله

Book :قواعد الأربع (The Four Principles).

Explained by : Shaykh Mohammad bin Ramzaan Al Haajiree حفظه الله

Notes by : Om Zakariyaa Al Baakistaaniyyah.

Note Number 5.

Reference Audio : CLICK HERE

Topic : The Third Principle


Matan(TEXT) from Book 

The Third Principle

القاعدة الثالثة

أن النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – ظهر في أناس متفرقين في عباداتهم، منهم من يعبد الملائكة، ومنم من يعبد الأنبياء والصالحين، ومنهم من يعبد الأشجار والأحجار، ومنهم من يعبد الشمس والقمر، وقاتلهم رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -، ولم يفرق بينهم، والدليل قوله تعالى
وَقَاتِلُوهُمْ حَتَّى لاَ تَكُونَ فِتْنَةٌ وَيَكُونَ الدِّينُ كُلُّهُ لِلّه﴾[الأنفال:39]
ودليل الشمس والقمر: قوله تعالى
وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ اللَّيْلُ وَالنَّهَارُ وَالشَّمْسُ وَالْقَمَرُ لَا تَسْجُدُوا لِلشَّمْسِ وَلَا لِلْقَمَرِ وَاسْجُدُوا لِلَّهِ الَّذِي خَلَقَهُنَّ إِن كُنتُمْ إِيَّاهُ تَعْبُدُونَ
ودليل الملائكة: قوله تعالى
وَلاَ يَأْمُرَكُمْ أَن تَتَّخِذُواْ الْمَلاَئِكَةَ وَالنِّبِيِّيْنَ أَرْبَاباً
[آل عمران:80]
ودليل الأنبياء: قوله تعالى
وَإِذْ قَالَ اللّهُ يَا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ أَأَنتَ قُلتَ لِلنَّاسِ اتَّخِذُونِي وَأُمِّيَ إِلَـهَيْنِ مِن دُونِ اللّهِ قَالَ سُبْحَانَكَ مَا يَكُونُ لِي أَنْ أَقُولَ مَا لَيْسَ لِي بِحَقٍّ إِن كُنتُ قُلْتُهُ فَقَدْ عَلِمْتَهُ تَعْلَمُ مَا فِي نَفْسِي وَلاَ أَعْلَمُ مَا فِي نَفْسِكَ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ عَلاَّمُ الْغُيُوبِ﴾[المائدة:116
ودليل الصالحين:قوله تعالى
أُولَـئِكَ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ يَبْتَغُونَ إِلَى رَبِّهِمُ الْوَسِيلَةَ أَيُّهُمْ أَقْرَبُ وَيَرْجُونَ رَحْمَتَهُ وَيَخَافُونَ عَذَابَهُ
ودليل الأشجار والأحجار: قوله تعالى
أَفَرَأَيْتُمُ اللَّاتَ وَالْعُزَّى (19) وَمَنَاةَ الثَّالِثَةَ الْأُخْرَى
وحديث أبي واقد الليثي رضي الله عنه، قال: { خرجنا مع النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – إلى حنين – ونحن حدثاء عهد بكفر – وللمشركين سدرة يعكفون عندها وينوطون بها أسلحتهم، يقال لها ذات أنواط، فمررنا بسدرة، فقلنا: يا رسول الله، أجعل لنا ذات أنواط كما لهم ذات أنواط } الحديث

The third principle is that the Prophet (may Allaah’s peace and blessings be upon him) encountered people differing in their worship. Amongst them were people who worshipped the angels, some who worshiped the prophets and the righteous men and others who worshipped stones, trees, the sun and the moon. The Messenger of Allaah (may Allaah’s peace and blessings be upon him) fought them and did not differentiate between them.

The proof is the saying of Allaah the Most High, “And fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and worshipping of others along with Allaah) and all the deen is for Allaah (Alone).” [al-Baqarah (2):193]

And the proof that sun and the moon (are worshipped) is the saying of the Most High, “And from among His signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. Do not prostrate to the sun or the moon.” [Fussilat (41):37]

And the proof that the angels (are worshipped) is the saying of the Most High,“Nor would he order you to take angels and Prophets for lords (gods).” [ale- ‘Imraan (3):80]

And the proof that the prophets (are worshipped) is the saying of the Most High: “And when Allaah will say (on the Day of Ressurection) “O Iesa ibn Maryam did you say unto men, ‘Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allaah’.” He will say, “Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner-self though I do not know what is in Yours, truly You are the All-Knower of all that is hidden.” [al-Maa’idah (5):116]

And the proof that the righteous (are worshipped) is the saying of the Most High, “Those whom they call upon desire (for themselves) means of access to their Lord (Allaah), as to which of them should be the nearest and they hope for His Mercy and fear His Torment.” [al-Israa’ (17):57]

And the proof that stones and trees (are worshipped) is His, the Most High’s, saying, “Have you considered al-Laat and al-Uzza. And Manaat, the other third?” [an-Najm (53):19-20]

And the hadeeth of Abu Waaqid al-Laythee (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: “We departed with the Prophet (may Allaah’s peace and blessings be upon him) to Hunain and we had recently left kufr. The mushrikeen used to have a tree which they used to devote themselves to and hang their weapons upon, they used to call it ‘Dhaat Anwaat’. We passed by a tree and said, “O Messenger of Allaah, appoint for us a Dhaat Anwaat like they have a Dhaat Anwaat. He said, “ Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar! By the One in whose Hand is my soul, these are the ways. The like of what you have said is what Bani Israaeel said to Musaa, “Make for us a god as they have gods.” He said, “Verily you are an ignorant people.” [al -A’raaf (7):138] [Repoted by at-Tirmidhi (2180) who said the hadeeth is Hasan Saheeh, and Ahmad (5/218), Ibn Abi Aasim in As-Sunnah (76), Ibn Hibbaan in his Saheeh (6702) and it was authenticated by Ibn Hajar in al-Isaabah (4/216).]

                              Explanation ( الشرح )                                              

  • The Third principle revolves around that worshiping all of the individuals other than Allaah عزوجل have the same ruling.
  • And the Author رحمه الله explains the point in small treaties that all of the individuals who worship other than Allaah عزوجل have save ruling. He did not brought it from himself, rather it is from Allaah عزوجل. Allaah عزوجل says in Soorah Al Anfaal verse 39, ‘’ And fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and polytheism: i.e. worshipping others besides Allah) and the religion (worship) will all be for Allah Alone [in the whole of the world]. But if they cease (worshipping others besides Allah), then certainly, Allah is All-Seer of what they do.’’ Here fitnah means, ‘’Polytheism’’. So, all those individuals whether it be Angels, righteous, Prophets, Trees, Rocks, Sun and moon who are worshiped by people and so such people all fall under one name which is called , ‘’Mushrik’’.
  • Saudi Arabia is free from grave worshiping because Allaah عزوجل gave success to the rulers who gives importance to Tawheed. And children from youth are Taught Tawheed in School.
  • So, if this person says he do not worship statues rather a righteous person whom he calls upon for seeking nearness to Allaah عزوجل. So, we go to second principle which is Qurba (seeking closeness to Allaah عزوجل )and Shafa’a (seeking for intercession of these righteous persons). We say this person , ‘’Okay, you do not worship statues but rather you worship these individuals and try to get close to them and it’s the same manifestation of Shirk of those who worship statues of righteous individuals.’’
  • Shaykh Mohammad ibno ‘Abdil Wahhaab رحمه الله mentioned all manifestations of Shirk with their specific daleel in 3rd principle.
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